A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells The severity of a concussion depends on many factors and is not known until symptoms resolve and brain function is back to normal.
Why should I report my symptoms?
- Your brain is the most vital organ in your body
- Practicing or playing while still experiencing symptoms can prolong the time it takes to recover and delay return to play
- Unlike other injuries, there may be significant consequences to “playing through” a concussion
- Repetitive brain injury, when not managed promptly and properly, may cause permanent damage to your brain
- While your brain is still healing, you are much more likely to have another concussion. Repeat concussions can increase the time it takes t recover and the likelihood of long term problems
Concussion symptoms differ with each person and with each injury, and may not be noticeable for hours or days. Different symptoms can occur and may not show up for several hours. During recovery, exercising or activities that involve a lot of concentration (studying, working on the computer/ipad, or playing video games) may cause concussion symptoms to reappear or get worse
Common symptoms include:
- Headache or "pressure" in head
- Feeling sluggish,hazy, foggy, or groggy
- Nausea or vomiting
- Amnesia/difficulty remembering
- Sensitivity to noise
- Balance problems
- Sensitivity to light
- Feeling more emotional
- Sleep disturbances
- Difficulty concentrating
- Double or blurry vision
Dangerous signs and symptoms of a concussion:
- One pupil larger than the other
- Drowsiness or inability to wake up
- A headache that gets worse and does not go away
- Slurred speech, weakness, numbness or decreased coordination
- Repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures
- Unusual behavior, increased confusion, restlessness or agitation
- Loss of consciousness (passed out/knocked out)
All concussions are serious. Don't hide it, report it. Take time to recover.
It's better to miss one game than the whole season.