3RD GRADE: Extending the Musical Vocabulary
In the first two grade levels, we placed particular emphasis on developing and using rhythmic and tonal skills. In 3rd Grade, this material is first reviewed and then used as a foundation for a sizeable increase in vocabulary. Here are the seven goals for 3rd Grade:
1. To contrast duple with triple meter using movement, bar line placement, conducting, and four-measure rhythmic dictation.
2. To focus on melodic notation by mastering absolute pitch names of the treble clef, and identifying the tonal centers of C, F, and G pentatonic.
3. To expand the music vocabulary by performing two complementary ostinatos as accompaniment to texts, and three-part canons.
4. To use and identify la as the tonal center. This is the beginning of understanding the minor scale, adding a considerable amount of American folk material they can now begin to read and understand.
5. To encourage improvisation using texts, rhythmic phrases and question/answer phrase building to create new music, up to 8- and 12-beat compositions.
6. To introduce new accompaniments (arpeggiated and moving borduns). These are more challenging accompaniments than the simple bordun (1st and 5th note of the scale played together).
7. To develop listening skills with music in Rondo form (ABACADA… etc).
Pentatonic - 5 Tones (Do, Re, Mi, So, La)
Moderato - Walking pace
Treble Clef - Mostly high pitches on the staff
Canon - Melody in two or more voices, beginning at different times
Soprano, Alto, Bass - High, medium, and low range
Dotted Half Note - 3 beats in simple meter, 2 beats in compound meter
Tie - curved line that connects notes together to make a longer sound
Dotted Quarter Note - 1 1/2 beats in simple meter, 1 beat in compound meter
Measure (Bar) - A group of beats separated by bar lines
Pianissimo - Very quiet
Fortissimo - Very loud
Romantic - Full, emotion-filled symphonies from 1820 - 1910
Rondo - ABACA form